The best Band Combinations for Landsat 4-5 TM

Natural Color 4 3 2 False Color (urban) 7 6 4 Color Infrared (vegetation) 5 4 3 Agriculture 6 5 2 Atmospheric Penetration 7 6 5 Healthy Vegetation 5 6 2 Land/Water 5 6 4


Landsat 5 was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on March 1, 1984, and like Landsat 4, carried the Multispectral Scanner (MSS) and the Thematic Mapper (TM) instruments. Landsat 5 delivered Earth imaging data nearly 29 years - and set a Guinness World Record For 'Longest Operating Earth Observation Satellite', before being decommissioned on June 5, 2013. 

Band combination for Landsat 4-5 TM   Band Combination for Landsat 8
Here’s a rundown of some common band combinations applied to Landsat 4-5 TM, displayed as a red, green, blue (RGB):
Natural Color3 2 1
False Color (urban)7 5 3
Color Infrared (vegetation)4 3 2
Agriculture5 4 1
Atmospheric Penetration7 5 4
Healthy Vegetation4 5 1
Land/Water4 5 3
Natural With Atmospheric Removal7 4 2
Shortwave Infrared7 4 3
Vegetation Analysis5 4 3
Band Combination for Landsat 8

Thematic Mapper (TM)
  • Added the mid-range infrared to the data
  • Seven spectral bands, including a thermal band:
    • Band 1 Visible (0.45 - 0.52 µm) 30 m
    • Band 2 Visible (0.52 - 0.60 µm) 30 m
    • Band 3 Visible (0.63 - 0.69 µm) 30 m
    • Band 4 Near-Infrared (0.76 - 0.90 µm) 30 m
    • Band 5 Near-Infrared (1.55 - 1.75 µm) 30 m
    • Band 6 Thermal (10.40 - 12.50 µm) 120 m
    • Band 7 Mid-Infrared (2.08 - 2.35 µm) 30 m
  • Ground Sampling Interval (pixel size): 30 m reflective, 120 m thermal

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GIS English: The best Band Combinations for Landsat 4-5 TM
The best Band Combinations for Landsat 4-5 TM
Natural Color 4 3 2 False Color (urban) 7 6 4 Color Infrared (vegetation) 5 4 3 Agriculture 6 5 2 Atmospheric Penetration 7 6 5 Healthy Vegetation 5 6 2 Land/Water 5 6 4
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